“Interior design” can be defined as an art and science of improving and upgrading the overall look and feel of the interior of a building in order to provide healthier, aesthetical, and functional environment for the inhabitants to live in. An interior designer is a qualified and trained professional who plans, researches space, and co-ordinates and manages that projects by applying his/her knowledge and skills in a systematic approach to achieve optimum results. Interior design is diverse profession that possess activities like conceptual development, space planning of the area, site inspections for its status, programming the schedule, research and developing it, communicating with the stakeholders of the project, management of its construction and execution of the conceptual design.thereby turning it into reality.
In earlier days, interiors were done on the basis of using one’s instinct which formed an integral part of building process. The interior design profession is the result of the continuous development of the people’s taste, standard of living, society and building.. The great need of the user friendly, effective and functionality of the space has resulted in the need for a contemporary interior design profession. This profession of interior design is totally different and unique than the interior decorator profession which common people are mostly not aware of the differences between them. Interior designing profession is much superior than Interior decorator because it involves more of a science than mere designing.
In ancient India, architects used to work as interior designers. This can be seen from the references of “Lord Vishwakarma” the architect – one of the gods in Indian mythology. Additionally, the sculptures depicting ancient texts and events are seen in palaces built in 17th-century India. In medieval times wall art paintings in India have been a common feature of palace like mansions commonly known as havelis. While most traditional homes are done away with modern buildings, there are around 2,000 havelis in the Shekhawati region of Rajasthan that display wall art paintings of ancient times.
In ancient Egypt, “soul houses” or models of houses were placed in tombs as receptacles for food offerings. From these, it is possible to discern details about the interior design of different residences throughout the different Egyptian dynasties, such as changes in ventilation, porticoes, columns, loggias, windows, and doors.
Throughout the 17th and 18th century and into the early 19th century, interior decoration was the concern of the homemaker, or an employed upholsterer or craftsman who would advise on the artistic style for an interior space. Architects would also employ craftsmen or artisans to complete interior design for their buildings.